CBD at National level
Executive Summary - Biodiversity Strategy & Action Plan Grenada, July 2000
The Government of Grenada has embarked upon the preparation of its Biological Diversity Strategy and Action Plan (GBSAP) in fulfillment of its obligation under the Convention on Biological Diversity and as part of the Government's renewed commitment to sustainable management of the country's natural resources.
An assessment of key sectors, namely; Land Use and Environmental Planning; Agriculture /Forests/Wildlife; Fisheries, Marine and Coastal Areas; and Tourism as well as an identification of the gaps in effective management of natural resources, provided the basis for developing the Strategy and Action Plan. Effective national action depends on developing an institutional, policy and legal framework that supports effective planning and management of biodiversity. National decision-makers must be cognizant of the benefits gained from conservation and sustainable use of biological resources and the environmental, social and economic costs associated with the loss of these resources.
The actions recommended in this Strategy and Action Plan are not a wish list of all the policies, legislation, plans and programmes that are needed for improvement in the various sectors of the country. A practical and easily measurable set of objectives with supporting activities for implementation over a 5-year period are proposed. Key objectives shortlisted are to:
Provide broad-based support for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
Protect key ecosystems from negative human induced impacts.
Develop and encourage sustainable utilisation of biological resources that are essential to the livelihood of local communities.
Maintain, recover and promote genetic resources necessary for sustainable agriculture.
Ensure a fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic and ecosystem resources.
Provide information on key ecosystems for incorporation into national accounts and decisions on national development projects.
Several activities were identified in fulfillment of these objectives. Many of these activities were developed as priority project concepts and are recommended for implementation. These project concepts include:
- Building Awareness on Biological Diversity in Grenada
- Drafting a National Land Use Policy for Grenada
- Strengthening Management of Key Ecosystems
- Promoting Sustainable Use of Biological Resources
- Capacity Building for Germplasm Conservation
- Strengthening Biological Pest Control
- Incorporating Ecosystem Valuation into National Accounting
- Strengthening Existing Legislation for Biodiversity Protection
Towards the end of the 5 year period, a review of the GBSAP should be undertaken and a new action plan for further activities should be developed to continue safeguarding Grenada's biodiversity.
National Reports and Other Documents
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - Assessment and Analysis of Fisheries, Marine and Coastal Areas: Annexes 1A-1L, Annexes 2A-2D, Annexes 3A-3H Consultant Report; Reported by James Finlay
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action for Grenada - Tourism Sector Report by C. Nigel Gravesande, Jun 1999
Biodiversity provides not only food and income but also raw materials for clothing, shelter, medicines, breeding new varieties, and performs other services such as maintenance of soil fertility and biota, and soil and water conservation, all of which are essential to human survival. Nearly one third of the world's land area is used for food production. The following dimensions of agricultural biodiversity can be identified:
Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, including: pasture and rangeland species and forest genetic resources of trees that are an integral part of farming systems;
Animal genetic resources for food and agriculture, including fishery genetic resources, in cases where fish production is part of the farming system, and insect genetic resources;
Microbial and fungal genetic resources.
The importance of agrobiodiversity encompasses socio-cultural, economic and environmental elements. All domesticated crops and animals result from human management of biological diversity, which is constantly responding to new challenges to maintain and increase productivity.
Status and trends and causes of biodiversity loss
In recent years, as the world's population continues to grow and agricultural production must meet the rising demand for food, agricultural expansion into forests and marginal lands, combined with overgrazing and urban and industrial growth, has substantially reduced levels of biological diversity over significant areas.
About 7,000 plant species have been cultivated and collected for food by humans since agriculture began about 12,000 years ago. Today, only about 15 plant species and 8 animal species supply 90% of our food.
A rapidly growing global human population and changing consumption patterns have stimulated the evolution of agriculture from traditional to modern, intensive systems. Nearly one third of the world's land area is used for food production, making agriculture the largest single cause of habitat conversion on a global basis.
How the issue is being addressed under the CBD
The Convention's agricultural biodiversity work programme focuses on assessing the status and trends of the world's agricultural biodiversity and of their underlying causes, as well as of local knowledge of its management. It also pays attention at identifying and promoting adaptive-management practices, technologies, policies and incentives. In addition, it promotes the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources that are of actual or potential value for food and agriculture. The work programme focuses on various technical aspects of new technologies, such as Genetic Use of Restriction Technologies (GURT), and the potential implications of these technologies on agricultural biodiversity, biosecurity, farming, and economy. It also has as cross-cutting initiatives within the agricultural work programme, "the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators" and an International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Soil Biodiversity. The programme of work also studies the impacts of trade liberalization on agricultural biodiversity. The work programme identifies policy issues that governments can consider when addressing such matters while considering various ways and means to improve the capacity of stakeholders and promote the mainstreaming and integration in sectoral and cross-sectoral plans and programmes at all levels.